Lowlines are essentially 'miniature' Angus cattle,
the by-product of a 30 year research project conducted
by the New South Wales State Department of Agriculture
at it's Agricultural Research Centre located at
approximately 12 bulls and 30 cows/heifers were
acquired by Trangie during the 45-year period from
1929 to 1964. The herd then remained closed for
the next 30 years. It is from within this herd that
the Lowlines were derived.
phase of the project, from 1963 to 1973, looked
at using selection procedures based on genetic principles
and measured performance.Funded by the then Australian
Cattle and Beef Research Committee, the project
sought to demonstrate, from within a stud herd,
the application of selection procedures based on
sound genetic principles and to isolate superior
genetic material and to make this available to the
Australian beef industry.
2 involved the establishment of three closed lines,
a high, low and a control line in order to create
a rapid divergence in growth rate between the two
extremes.In this manner, it was expected that the
differences between the Low and High lines achieved
over a 15-year period would equate to a 30-40 year
program of breeding in one direction only.
result of their breeding and the selection process
followed, Lowlines are, on average, between 100
and 110 cm tall at the hip. Smaller and larger animals
currently exist within the herd and the Australian
Lowline Cattle Association, formed in 1992, has
yet to determine a definitive height standard for
Like their Angus forebears, Lowlines are black and
Being smaller-framed the Lowline's feed requirements
are less than those of larger sized cattle.Stocking
rate of 10 against 6.
Just as all Lowlines share a diminutive size, as
a result of the Trangie research experiment, they
also carry the prime beef qualities, and potential,
of their ancestors.
Trangie Breeding Policy
In the 1940-50's, the breeding policy of the Trangie
stud was to produce early maturing animals with
good fleshing qualities and which demonstrated an
economy in the utilisation of feed - traits that
persist within a number of animals within the Lowline
Lowlines were selected on the basis of a single
trait, namely their rate of growth to yearling age,
the degree of variability between animals in relation
to other criteria increased. As a result, it is
difficult to categorise animals as a homogenous
type. This 'variability' is one of the main advantages
of the breed.
no two Lowlines are identical, there is sufficient
variation within the Lowline gene pool to enable
breeders to develop the type of animal they want.
While some breeders are attracted to the idea of
producing small, easily managed animals that are
ideal for small areas, other breeders are more intent
on maximising the production of beef per hectare.
Lowlines are perhaps the only breed of cattle in
the world today that can fulfil both requirements.
at Hoon Hay Valley Organic Farm
Hoon Hay Valley is a registered Stud with the Australian
Lowline Cattle Association and all its animals and
future offspring's registered Lowlines.
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